Diabetic Skin Disorders: Signs and Symptoms

Being cautious about your diet is one important part of keeping yourself healthy when you’re diabetic, and equally as important is your skincare. People with diabetes are more susceptible to serious skin complications, which if not treated properly may lead to dangerous infections. Check out this list to learn how to recognize and remedy diabetic skin disorders.



Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum
The specific cause of Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum (NLD) is unknown, but it is linked to the degeneration of collagen in the skin. It is characterized by raised yellow, waxy patches, with a purple border. In many cases the patches are not painful, they are more susceptible to injury and may become tender or ulcerated more easily than other areas of your body. Having your diabetes under control, or the severity of your diabetes does not play a role in preventing this skin disorder.

Diabetic Blisters
Diabetic blisters are linked to spikes in blood glucose levels, and tend to be more common in those suffering from neuropathy. They usually are painless and heal on their own after a few weeks. While the blisters are present it is important to keep the area clean and free from germs.

Eruptive Xanthomatosis
This condition occurs when diabetes is uncontrolled. Eruptive xanthomatosis is the sudden onset of itchy, pea sized firm bumps with a red halo around them. They can be pink or yellow in color, and are filled with liquid. This condition is treated by retaining healthy glucose and cholesterol levels.

Diabetic Ulcers
Ulcers of the legs and feet may happen to those who suffer from neuropathy associated with diabetes. Neuropathy causes numbness and in many cases, someone may not realize they have an injury on their foot or leg. Left untreated, an open ulcer may occur, leaving your body open to infection and bacteria. For someone who suffers from neuropathy it is important to inspect your legs and feet daily for any injury. Treat ulcers caused from diabetes with a bacteria fighting regime.

Digital Sclerosis
Digital sclerosis is a skin disorder that affects one third of people with diabetes. Symptoms include extremely thick, tight, and waxy skin. It usually occurs on the backs of the hands. Symptoms may be so severe it is hard to move the joints of your fingers. Prevent digital sclerosis by keeping glucose levels under control and keep skin moisturized.

Not all of the discussed symptoms and skin disorders are limited to those with diabetes. People that have not been diagnosed with diabetes may also present symptoms of skin disorders. In some cases, a skin disorder may be the first sign of a diabetes. Check with your healthcare provider regarding your possible risks or concerns when it comes to diabetic skin disorders.

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