What Causes Bed Sores?

What Causes Bed Sores?

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Sustained skin pressure and circulation loss occur when someone is unable to reposition themselves regularly - this is why those with limited mobility have a high risk of developing bed sores.

Bed sore patients are often also dealing with paralysis, injury, prolonged illness or obesity. People with bed sores may be bedridden, use a wheelchair or remain seated for extended periods of time, for any reason. The elderly are also prone to bed sores due to a lack of exercise and mobility.

Malnourishment is another cause of bed sores. The skin suffers without proper nutrients, which can result in loss of fat, muscle and tissue. This leaves it more vulnerable to bed sore wounds and prolonged infection.

Incontinent patients may also develop bed sores. Loss of bowel or bladder control and the use of diapers and undergarments trap waste and excess moisture close to the skin. Without proper hygiene, this skin can become irritated, weakened and prone to bed sores and other damage.

Those with diabetes also stand a greater chance of developing painful bed sores due to longstanding circulation problems. Restricted blood flow to skin tissue puts diabetics at a higher risk for bed sores.

If you have any of the risk factors listed above, or have a disease or injury that could lead to bed sores, be sure to check out our page on bed sore prevention, and seek help if you think you may be prone to bed sore development.

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